The Government of the Russian Federation adopted the Resolution No. 717 of June 17, 2017 on the introduction of mandatory certification of heating appliances (radiators and convectors). The draft document was prepared by the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation.
The adoption of the Resolution was initiated by the Association of Producers of Heating Radiators “APRO” with the active support of the Federation Council Committee on Economic Policy and the Legislative Assembly of the Vladimirsky Region.
The introduction of mandatory certification of heating devices is ensured by including them in a single list of products subject to mandatory certification, approved by Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 982 of December 1, 2009.
The single list of products subject to mandatory certification includes heating devices of all types: central heating radiators and their sections, cast iron (sectional), steel (panel and tubular), bimetallic and aluminum sectional, and heating and steel heating convectors including copper-aluminum ones).
The resolution entries into force on 27th June 2018, so mandatory certification of all types of heating devices will be put in place, without this certification no heating device can be released into circulation and imported into Russia.
The main problem in the certification of heaters is compliance with the requirements of the standard GOST 31311-2005 “heaters are mandatory for all market participants of radiators and convectors. General technical conditions “, therefore, a mandatory certification of compliance with the requirements of this standard is carried out.
In particular, with the introduction of mandatory certification, compliance with the following requirements of GOST 31311-2005 “Heating devices. General technical conditions “(hereinafter – GOST) needs to be confirmed:
- the deviation of the actual value of the nominal heat flux (heat transfer) from the value declared by the manufacturer should not exceed the maximum permissible tolerances (from -4% to + 5%);
- requirements for operating pressure indicators based on leakproofness, strength and hydraulic characteristics (paragraphs 5.2, 5.3);
- coverage requirements (paragraph one of clause 5.5);
- requirements for threading (paragraph 5.7);
- requirements for materials and wall thickness in contact with water (paragraphs 5.9, 5.10, 5.11);
- requirements for the completeness, completeness and reliability of the information specified in the accompanying documentation (clause 5.17);
- requirements for labeling and packaging (paragraph 5.18).
As a result, the safety of the operation of the heating devices shall be confirmed, first of all, by testing radiators and convectors for compliance with the tightness and static strength indicators, which ensures the ability of the heater to withstand pressure differences in heating systems.
The main goal of the government is to stop the fraudulent practices on the market. First and foremost, this will be achieved through the transparency of the data. The values of the nominal heat flux (heat transfer) given by the manufacturer on the consumer package and in the accompanying documentation are compared with the actual indicators confirmed by the test results. The tolerances should not exceed the specified values.
After taking into force this Resolution, producers, importers, suppliers and retailers of heating appliances will be subject to stringent administrative penalties in the form of fines for legal entities in the amount of 100 to 500 thousand rubles (in accordance with articles 14.44, 14.45, 14.46 of the Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation – the Code of Administrative Offenses).
Administrative responsibility will also be borne by organizations that issue false certificates without testing – in the form of fines of up to one million rubles (Article 14.47 of the Code of Administrative Offenses).
Thus, the introduction of mandatory certification will provide Russian producers of heating devices with clear, transparent and equal conditions for fair competition with foreign manufacturers and importers, since all market participants will be obliged to comply with the GOST, confirming this fact by conducting real tests in appropriate laboratories.
Obligatory certification will also provide consumers with reliable information about the functional parameters and safety parameters of heating appliances, increase the level of trouble-free operation of radiators and convectors in heating systems.
It should be specially noted that after the introduction of mandatory certification, Russian manufacturers can obtain even some competitive advantage with regard to forms of confirmation of compliance with GOST requirements, because the samples for testing purposes will required to be able to conduct the tests in the accredited laboratories.
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